Pieter Cornelis 'Piet' Mondriaan (1872–1944) was a Dutch painter and an important contributor to the De Stijl movement, which was founded by Theo van Doesburg. He evolved in to a non-representational form which he termed neoplasticism. This consisted of white surface, upon which was painted a grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and fields of the three primary colours.
Between the paintings 'The River Amstel' (1905), and 'Amaryllis' (1907) Mondrian changed the spelling of his signature from Mondriaan to Mondrian, which sounded less Dutch and more international.
See also Theo van Doesburg.
‘Piet Mondrian’, Wikipedia, retrieved 15 October 2013
‘Piet Mondrian, Neoplasticism and De Stijl’, San Josť State University, retrieved 15 October 2013
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